The effects of smoking cigarettes and cigars in dental health have been widely documented in many medical journals. But despite the heavy warning of many health organizations and in their packaging, many people are still into smoking. The effects of smoking in dental health include:
- Bad breath;
- Tooth stains;
- Swelling of the salivary gland openings;
- Resorption of bones within the jaw;
- Increased risk of leukoplakia, or white patches inside the mouth;
- Development of gum diseases, which could lead to tooth loss;
- Longer healing process after tooth extraction or surgery;
- Lower success rate of dental implant procedure;
- Increased risk of developing oral and throat cancer.
Smoking cigarettes and tobacco products can cause deterioration of the soft and bone tissue of the gums. It also affects the health of gum tissue cells. This makes the smoker more prone to infections such as periodontal disease. Smoking also causes blood flow impairment in the gums which results in delayed wound healing after doing dental procedures.
Pipe and cigars are as dangerous as cigarette smoking. According to a study by the Journal of American Dental Association, pipe and cigar smokers are prone to tooth loss and bone loss within the jawline at the same rate as those of cigarette smokers. They are also likely to experience tooth loss as cigarette smokers. The most concerning finding is that most smokers are at a high risk of developing oral and throat cancers. Pipe and cigar smokers can still acquire bad breath and stained teeth, and increased risk of gum disease.
On the other hand, smokeless tobacco products such as snuff and chewing tobacco still contain several risks. Smokeless tobacco contains at least 28 harmful substances that increase the risk of developing oral, throat and esophagus cancer. Chewing tobacco has a higher level of nicotine than cigarettes while one can of snuff contains more nicotine than over 60 cigarettes.
Smokeless tobacco can cause the gum tissues to recede. Exposed roots also cause tooth sensitivity which leads to discomfort and pain every time you drink or eat hot and cold items. In addition, sugar is also used to enhance the flavor of smokeless tobacco. Sugar can increase your risk of developing tooth decay.
Because of many dental issues associated with smoking, it is better to quit this bad habit once and for all. To know how to put a stop to smoking, visit an Ontario dental office now.